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PERSONALITY THEORIES (23 programs)
PERSONALITY THEORIES is a comprehensive survey course that examines the fundamental principles behind our most valued schools of psychological thought. The course, taught by Professor Terri P. Schwartz of Governor State University, covers five major trends in personality analysis: Early analytical theories; Behaviorist approaches; Social and interpersonal theories; Academic techniques of personality study; Growth-oriented techniques of personality study. As a survey course, Personality Theories offers a landscape view of modern psychology. The course helps students identify and inter-relate the contributions of each psychological theory by assigning it to one of five distinct categories: Early analytical theories, as exemplified by Adler, Jung, and Freud; Behaviorist approaches advocated by Bandura, Dollard, and Skinner; Social and interpersonal theories advanced by Adler, Horney, Sullivan, and Fromm; Academic techniques of personality study used by Allport, Eysenck, Murray, and Kelly; Growth-oriented techniques of personality study typified by the theories of Laing, Maslow, and Rogers
*** The following programs are included in the series:
1. AN INTRODUCTION
Sets out the objectives, methodology, and expectations of the course. Students are introduced to the difference between "person" and "personality", and they are invited to assess their current assumptions and attitudes toward two people they know - one they like and one they don't.
2. THE VARIETY OF PERSONALITY THEORIES
Defines terminology pertinent to all personality theories. Students learn how the terms "structure", "dynamics", "development", and "system" apply to the study of personality theories. The criteria for assessing the validity of a theory are discussed.
3. SIGMUND FREUD'S EARLY THEORIES
Examines the roots of psychoanalysis. The lesson traces the evolution of Freud's early clinical work on "hysteria" in the late 1800s and describes how it contributed to his early theoretical discipline. Students learn about Freud's initial theory of the mind and his interpret
4. JUNG PULLS AWAY
Defines the fundamental differences between Jung and Freud's theories. Students examine the early controversy that rose around Freud's work and how Carl Jung used his experience with clinical schizophrenic groups to develop his highly influential ideas.
5. JUNGIAN THEORY TODAY
Explores modern-day applications of Jung's ideology. The class features an interview with Peter Mudd, a Jungian analyst, who explains how Jungian ideas are understood today and how they influence contemporary practices. The major components of "psyche" according to Jung are explained.
6. FREUD'S LATER THEORIES
Focuses on Freud's updated theories in the early 20th century. The lesson revisits Freud's theories with regard to libido, instinct, id, ego, and super-ego. Freud's mind model is updated and the role of anxiety in this later work is discussed. Key Freudian terms are defined, and an interesting article suggests that the translation of Freud from German to English might have done the theorist a disservice.
7. EXTENSIONS OF PSYCHOANANALYSIS
Examines the work of Freud's successors. The lesson details the continuing influence of Freud's work in the study of child development in clinical practice and in such non-psychological areas as history and literature. Refinements to Freud's theories are discussed, including Anna Freud's theories on defense mechanisms. Distinctions are drawn between "ego psychologists" and practitioners of classical psychoanalysis.
8. OBJECT RELATIONS THEORY AND SELF PSYCHOLOGY
Reviews refinements to Freud's theory since the 1960s. The lesson touches on the contributions of such theorists as Erik Erickson, Margaret Mahler, and Anna Freud to the evolution of modern psychoanalytic thought. The Study Guide offers a review in preparation for the first exam.
9. LABORATORY APPROACHES
An introduction to behaviorism. The biological roots of behaviorism are reviewed, and the shift from psychoanalysis to science is examined. Seminal works discussed in this lesson include Ivan Pavlov's research on reflex-driven learning and Edward Thorndike's Laws of Effect and Exercise. The four characteristics of behaviorist philosophy are discussed.
10. THE RATIONAL/EMPIRICAL SPLIT IN LEARNING THEORY
Examines the dispute between two trends in learning theory. This lesson touches on the philosophical distinction between social learning theories (rational) and radical behaviorism (empirical). Students are challenged to think about how the methodology of learning research is influenced by either of these two divergent philosophies.
11. SOCIAL AND COGNITIVE LEARNING THEORIES, Part One
Discusses research that tempers radical behaviorism with intrapsychic constructs. This lesson outlines the challenge to strict behaviorist empiricism as found in the works of such researchers as John Dollard. Students learn how the "drive-cue-response-reward" model relates more to the idea of "psyche" as "mind" than classical behaviorism.
12. SOCIAL AND COGNITIVE LEARNING THEORIES, Part Two
Continues the behaviorist debate introduced in Class 11. Albert Bandura's more humanistic contributions to behaviorism are introduced. Students are challenged to compare Bandura's theory of "reciprocal determinism" to B. F. Skinner's classical behaviorist theories.
13. INTERPERSONAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES IN PERSONALITY
Introduces Adler's contributions to interpersonal theory. This lesson shows how the ideas of Alfred Adler ? a contemporary of Freud - influenced the development of modern interpersonal theories. The seven major concepts of Adler's philosophy are presented.
14. INDIVIDUAL IN A SOCIAL CONTEXT
Examines the contributions of feminine psychology. This lesson traces the development of Karen Horney's innovations in psychodynamic theory, exploring her work on feminine psychology and detailing her integration of social considerations and values into psychoanalysis.
15. SOCIAL CONTEXT AND PERSONALITY
Examines the social and political aspects of personality. The videotape features the works of Erich Fromm and Harry Sullivan with special emphasis on Fromm's social and political analysis of personality. Students learn the various forms of Fromm's "social character" and discover how interpersonal theories differ from learning theories and psychodynamic theories of personality. The Study Guide recaps important concepts.
16. GORDON ALLPORT'S STUDY OF PERSONALITY
Examines the shift toward studying the individual as a unique case. Students learn about Gordon Allport's common-sense and empirical approach to the study of individuals. The lesson covers his concept of "traits" and shows one way of identifying them.
17. HENRY MURRAY
Explores needs as a motivational factor in personality theory. The videotaped class discusses Murray's "personology", a needs-based analysis of personality influenced by Jung. Students learn to classify various needs into distinct categories and practice using TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) stories in this approach to personality analysis.